Anatomy of a flowering plants study material for NEET

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Anatomy Of A Flowering Plants Notes For NEET


INTRODUCTION

Anatomically, a plant is made of different kinds of tissues. The plant tissues are broadly classified into meristematic (apical, lateral and intercalary) and permanent (simple and complex).  Assimilation of food and its storage, transportation of water, minerals and photosynthates, and mechanical support are the main functions of
tissues. There are three types of tissue systems – epidermal, ground and vascular. The epidermal tissue systems are made of epidermal cells, stomata and the epidermal appendages. The ground tissue system forms the main bulk of the plant. It is divided into three zones – cortex, pericycle and pith. The vascular tissue system is formed by the xylem and phloem. On the basis of presence of cambium, location of xylem and phloem, the vascular bundles are of different types. The vascular bundles form the conducting tissue and translocate water, minerals and food material.  The secondary growth occurs in most of the dicotyledonous roots and stems and it increases the girth (diameter) of the organs by the activity of the vascular cambium and the cork cambium. The wood is actually a secondary xylem. There are different types of wood on the basis of their composition and time of production.

anatomy of flowering plants

 Topics

6.1  Meristematic Tissues

6.2  Simple Permanent Tissues

6.3  Complex Permanent Tissues

6.4  The Tissues System

6.5  Anatomy Of Dicotyledonous And Monocotyledonous Plants

6.6 Secondary Growth