Plant Growth And Development NEET Study Material

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Plant Growth And Development Notes For NEET


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INTRODUCTION

Growth is one of the most conspicuous events in any living organism. It is an irreversible increase expressed in parameters such as size, area, length, height, volume, cell number etc. It conspicuously involves increased protoplasmic material. In plants, meristems are the sites of growth. Root and shoot apical meristems sometimes alongwith intercalary meristem, contribute to the elongation growth of plant axes. Growth is indeterminate in higher plants. Following cell division in root and shoot apical meristem cells, the growth could be arithmetic or geometrical. Growth may not be and generally is not sustained at a high rate throughout the life of cell/tissue/organ/organism. One can define three principle phases of growth – the lag, the log and the senescent phase. When a cell loses the capacity to divide, it leads to differentiation. Differentiation results in development of structures that is commensurate with the function the cells finally has to perform. General principles for differentiation for cell, tissues and organs are similar. A differentiated cell may dedifferentiate and then redifferentiate. Since differentiation in plants is open, the
development could also be flexible, i.e., the development is the sum of growth and differentiation. Plant exhibit plasticity in development.

plant growth and develpment

Topics

15.1  Growth And Development

15.2  Auxins

15.3  Gibberellins

15.4  Cytokinins

15.5  Ethylene

15.6  Abscisic Acid

15.7 Photoperiodism

15.8  Vernalisation

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